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High Creep 321h Stainless Steel Pipe Square Tubing Corrosion Resistance UNS S32100

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High Creep 321h Stainless Steel Pipe Square Tubing Corrosion Resistance UNS S32100

Country/Region china
City & Province shanghai shanghai
Categories Mineral & Metals Agents

Product Details

General Properties

Alloy 321 (UNS S32100) is a titanium stabilized austenitic stainless steel with good general corrosion resistance. It has excellent resistance to intergranular corrosion after exposure to temperatures in the chromium carbide precipitation range of 800 – 1500°F (427 – 816°C). The alloy resists oxidation to 1500°F (816°C) and has higher creep and stress rupture properties than alloys 304 and 304L. It also possesses good low temperature toughness.

Alloy 321H (UNS S 32109) is the higher carbon (0.04 – 0.10) version of the alloy. It was developed for enhanced creep resistance and for higher strength at temperatures above 1000oF (537°C). In most instances, the carbon content of the plate enables dual certification.

Alloy 321 cannot be hardened by heat treatment, only by cold working. It can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.


ASTM/ASTE: UNS S32100/UNS S 32109


Chemical Properties:

min: 9.0
min: 9.0


Mechanical Properties:

GradeTensile Strength
ksi (min.)
Yield Strength 0.2%
Offset ksi (min.)
Elongation -
% in
50 mm (min.)
(Brinell) MAX


Physical Properties:

Coefficient of
Thermal Expansion (min/in)-°F
Thermal Conductivity BTU/hr-ft-°FSpecific Heat BTU/lbm -°FModules of Elasticity (annealed)2-psi
at 68 °Fat 68 – 212°Fat 68 – 1832°Fat 200°Fat 32 – 212°Fin tension (E)
0.2869. x 106


Corrosion Resistance

1, Eibits good general corrosion resistance that is comparable to 304.

2, eveloped for use in the chromium carbide precipitation range of 1800 – 1500°F (427 – 816°C) .

3, an be used in most diluted organic acids at moderate temperatures .

4, an be used in pure phosphoric acid at lower temperatures.

5, an be used in up to 10% diluted solutions at elevated temperatures.

6, esists polythionic acid stress corrosion cracking in hydrocarbon service.

7, utilized in chloride or fluoride free caustic solutions at moderate temperatures.

8, does not perform well in chloride solutions, even in small concentrations, or in sulfuric acid service.


321/H can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.


Hot Forming

1, Working temperatures of 2100 – 2300°F (1149 – 1260°C) are recommended for forging, upsetting and other hot working processes.

2, Alloy not suitable for work at temperatures below 1700°F (927°C).

3, Material must be water quenched or fully annealed after working to re-attain maximum corrosion resistance.


Cold Forming

1, Quite ductile and forms easily.



1, Readily welded by most standard processes.

2, Post weld heat treatment is not necessary



Hardening rate of 321 makes it less machinable than 410 stainless steel, but similar to 304

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