Erythritol is a very popular sweetener, which is unique natural
polyol sweeteners with non calorie and clear cool mouth feel.
Erythritol is a polyol (sugar alcohol) which is very popular for
use in baking and as a general sweetener in low carb diets.
Erythritol, as alternatives to sugars and as part of a
comprehensive program including proper dental hygiene has been
recognized by the American dental association.
Characteristics of Erythritol:
1. Low in calories:
Erythritol has a very low caloric content; Its value is 0.2
calories per gram for food labeling purposes in the United States
and 0 (zero) calories per gram for food labeling purposes in Japan.
This very low calorie value is due to erythritol's unique
absorption and elimination process which does not require the
metabolism of erythritol. Thus, erythritol is uniquely qualified as
a very low calorie bulk sweetener for formulating light and reduced
calorie products which require a 25% or more calorie reduction from
the standard formulation.
2. High digestive tolerance:
Erythritol is rapidly absorbed in the small intestine due to its
small molecular size and structure. Several clinical studies
conducted in Europe and Japan have shown that more than 90% of
ingested erythritol is absorbed and excreted unchanged in urine
within a 24-hour period. This digestive pathway allows less than 5%
of ingested erythritol to reach the large intestine and be
fermented into volatile fatty acids or metabolized into carbon
dioxide. As a result, foods containing substantial amounts of
erythritol are very unlikely to cause gaseous and laxation side
effects. A recent clinical study concluded daily consumption of 1
gram per kilogram body weight is well tolerated by adults as
compared to sucrose containing foods.
3. Safe for diabetes' person:
Single dose and 14-day clinical studies demonstrate erythritol does
not affect blood serum glucose or insulin levels. Clinical studies
conducted in people with diabetes conclude that erythritol may be
safely used to replace sucrose in foods formulated specifically for
people with diabetes. Of course, those with diabetes should
consider the impact on their diet of other ingredients used in
foods sweetened with erythritol.
4. Does not cause tooth decay:
Erythritol like other polyols is resistant to metabolism by oral
bacteria which break down sugars and starches to produce acids
which may lead to tooth enamel loss and cavities formation. They
are, therefore, non-cariogenic. The usefulness of polyols,
Widely used in drinks, candy, cake, chocolate, bakery products,
table sugar etc.