Administrative Division: Qingdao currently has seven districts
including Shinan, Shibei, Sifang, Licang, Laoshan, Huangdao and
Chengyang, and five county-level cities of Jiaonan, Jiaozhou, Jimo,
Pingdu and Laixi.
Total Area: Qingdao has a total area of 10,654 square kilometers,
1,159 square kilometers of which is the urban area.
Total Population: Qingdao has a total permanent population of
8.4561 million and a total household registered population of
7.6156 million, in particular, urban permanent population is 3.4745
million and urban household registered population is 2.7625
National Environment: A coastal hilly city, Qingdao has a
topographical feature of being high in the east and low in the
west, and the ground rises in the south and north sides. Laoshan
Mountains in the southeast extends northward to the downtown area.
There are underwater bank, modern underwater delta, and
marine-erosion plain at the bottom of the shallow sea.
Qingdao has twisted coastline dotted with capes and bays. The
coastline measures 862.64 kilometers (including the coastlines of
islands in its jurisdiction) long, of which the continental
coastline totals 730.64 kilometers or one-fourth of the total
coastline of Shandong Province. There are 32 bays whose area is
larger than 0.
5 square kilometers and 69 islands including 10 with settled
Climate: A place in the north temperate monsoon region, Qingdao has
a temperate monsoon climate. Due to the regulation of marine
environment and the effect of southeast monsoon, ocean current and
water mass, the urban areas have distinctive features of marine
climate: humid air, moderate temperature, no very hot weather in
summer and no very cold weather in winter. The average annual
rainfall is 662mm; average temperature in summer is 23?, and
average temperature in winter is above 0?.
(The diagram of average monthly sunshine hours, temperature,
rainfall and evaporation of Qingdao in 2008)
City Tree & City Flower: Qingdao's city tree is cedar; city
flowers are camellia japonica and China rose.
Historical Evolution: With a long history, Qingdao has a splendid
culture; it is also the cradle of Chinese Taoism.
Qingdao is one of the main places where the Dongyi People lived and
procreated in the Neolithic Age over 5,000~6,000 years ago, leaving
rich and colorful Dawenkou Culture, Longshan Culture and Yueshi
In the Zhou and Shang Dynasties, Qingdao became the birthplace of
Chinese sea salt, ranking among China's "Four Ancient Salt Zones"
and "Five Ancient Harbors". During Spring and Autumn and Warring
States Periods, Jimo, the second biggest city in Shandong Province,
was established here. The ancient city of Jimo (located in today's
Pingdu City) is the earliest of its kind extant in China.
King Gou Jian of the Yue State established capital in Langya
(located in today's Jiaonan City) and later became the overlord of
the State. After unifying China, the First Emperor of the Qin
Dynasty (221~206 BC) made inspection tours in his country for five
times and personally climbed onto Langya Terrace for three times.
According to historical records, Xu Fu also set sail from Qingdao
to Korea and Japan when he made the earliest overseas voyage in
China. The Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty (206 BC~220 AD) once
stayed in Buqi (located in today's Chengyang District) as the King
of Jiaodong when he was young. He was the emperor who made the most
frequent inspections to Qingdao in historical records.
In the Tang and Song Dynasties, as a transfer station linking the
south and north shipping, Qingdao became the most important
transport hub and trading port in north coastal region in China. In
the Song Dynasty, Shibosi Department was specially established to
manage foreign trade in Banqiao Town (located in today's Jiaozhou
In the Yuan Dynasty, China's only sea canal, Jiaolai Canal, which
ran across Shandong Peninsula was dug for the purpose of convenient
sea transportation. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Qingdao was
an important fortress for coastal defense in northern China and
called Jiao'ao by the then people.