BEIJING lies in the north of the North China Plain, at 39 56 N and
116 20 E. it neighbors the Tianjin Municipality in the east, and
borders Hebei Province on three sides-the north, west and south.
The terrain of the Beijing area slopes from the northwest to the
southeast. Mountains snake round the city's north, west and
northeast, while the southeast part of the city is a plain that
slopes gently toward the coast of the Bohai Sea. The Yongding,
Chaobai and Juma rivers and the north section of the Grand Cannel
crisscross the area under Beijing's jurisdiction. Most of the
rivers originate from mountainous areas in the northwest, cut
through mountains and zigzag through the plain in the southeast
before emptying into Bohai Sea.
Beijing belongs to the warm temperate zone with a semi-humid
climate. It has four distinctive seasons, with short springs and
autumns while summers and winters are always long. Annual
temperatures average 12.8 . January is the coldest month with an
average temperature of -6.4 ,and July, the hottest with an average
temperature of 29.6 . The annual precipitation s measured at
371.1mm, and the frost-free period is 196 days.
Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It covers
16,807.8 square kilometers. Mountainous areas occupy 10,417.5
square kilometers, accounting for 62% of the city's landmass. The
rest, 6390.3 square kilometers or 38% of the total, are flatland.
The municipality governs 14 urban districts and 4 rural counties.